Spirulina - Super Food

All about Spirulina. Spirulina as a human and animal food, spirulina as a medicine. Spirulina production and clutivation methods.

Sunday, July 03, 2005

What is Spirulina?

Spirulina is a photosynthetic, filamentous, spiral-shaped, multicellular and green-blue microalga. The two most important species of which are Spirulina maxima and Spirulina platensis.

Before Columbus, Mexicans (Aztecs) exploited this microorganism as human food; presently, African tribes (Kanembu) use it for the same purpose. Its chemical composition includes proteins (55%-70%), carbohydrates (15%-25%), essential fatty acids (18%) vitamins, minerals and pigments like carotenes, chlorophyll and phycocyanin. The last one is used in food and cosmetic industries.

Spirulina is considered as an excellent food, lacking toxicity and having corrective properties against viral attacks, anemia, tumor growth and malnutrition. It has been reported in literature that the use of these microalgae as animal food supplement implies enhancement of the yellow coloration of skin and eggs yolk in poultry, growth acceleration, sexual maturation and increase of fertility in cattle.

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